open to independent solutions and developments, Braig's works display an explicit apologetic intent, supporting their arguments not only against positivism and modernism (understood in a very peculiar way), but also against modern philosophy and especially against Kant and idealism.
[W]e are now living in a world where you can say, at the very least, that computers have taken control, just as Turing predicted. And although in that wonderful year of 1936, two American mathematicians proposed effectively the same theory, with calculable numbers and functions, Turing, in England, was the only one who specified a machine for it. The machine has appointed us and the machine, not mathematics, is the reason we are here talking about media art in 2007.
But what does it mean that we no longer calculate pi by hand, as Ludolph did, but that machines relieve us of that need and that there are things in the world that imagine things of the world without us having done anything other than construct them and get them to think? What does it mean that logic, in a Heideggerian sense, has fallen to machines, and that logic professors are gradually becoming superfluous? Does it mean anything for the formalism and laws of logic and thought, or do such things as pi and its decimal places reveal something about the world we live in? The physical, the chemical, the biological world that we’re in?
if you follow the route taken by Heidegger in dealing with this matter in the twenties and early thirties, one can see that in this period he tries alternately each of the four fundamental meanings in relation to its ability to act as a unitary basis of the others.
Thinking is what allows one to inhabit an alienated space apart from the norm. The thinker is distinguished by her ability to experience dissonance amid the ‘common sense’ of the collective. Arendt had perceived something like this thought-suspending banality of evil in Martin Heidegger’s famous 1933 speech when he became rector of Freiburg University. His rhetoric of ‘German reality’ united individuals into one common ideal, thus abolishing the individual. In those grand ideas about Hitler, Arendt perceived something grotesque, and at the same time she felt a vacuum of critical dissent forming around her.
Today we do not have a Führer uniting us into one grand ideal. Now, our ideology does not require that we worship a demi-God, but only that we unanimously oppose the Evil One. But the effect is the same. The individual is abolished, and so too is critical reflection. This is not to say Trump himself is good or evil, but that his notoriety, once it was constructed, became extremely politically useful. The idea of ‘Trump’ has become the ever-recurring instrument through which liberal energies are mobilised. ‘Trumpism’ is the political strategist’s dream brand because of the completely predictable and consistently strong negative emotions it arouses.
Darwin explored the world and studied natural life as it was and came to conclusions on where life began and our origins. Others were impacted by his ideas and built further upon them. Frederick Nietzsche was influenced by Darwin’s writings, along with others, which led to a repeated phrase in his writings: “God Is Dead.”
In response to this premise Martin Heidegger wrote, “If God as the suprasensory ground and goal of all reality is dead, if the suprasensory world of the ideas has suffered the loss of its obligatory and above it its vitalizing and upbuilding power, then nothing more remains to which man can cling and by which he can orient himself.”
even if the engagement with Aristotelian ontology that Brentano's reading requires is the source of Heidegger's thoughts on being, that engagement is driven by the desire, already present in Brentano, to grasp the unity of being, that is, to bring the multiplicity of its meanings to a unitary basis.
the most original note of the Brentanian interpretation of Aristotle's doctrine of the categories, in which the stress on the analogical unity of the being and the attempt of a systematic deduction of the categories go hand in hand.