In NDPR, Evan Thompson reviews
Havi Carel and Darian Meacham's Phenomenology and Naturalism: Examining the Relationship between Human Experience and Nature
Another way to sharpen the issue between phenomenology and naturalism is to draw on Heidegger's concept of "world". By "world" Heidegger means neither the totality of things or states of affairs nor the being of that totality as nature, but the everyday world as the place in which we find ourselves and as an existential structure of our being. We exist as "being-in-the-world," which means, among other things, that we always find ourselves inhabiting a "space of meaning" that we ourselves create. When we think scientifically of the universe or nature as containing our world, we are not thinking of the world in the proper philosophical sense as the space of meaning in which anything is intelligible. When we think of the world in this philosophical way, however, then we have to reverse the formulation and say that the universe or nature is within the world, for it is always within the world that the universe or nature is disclosed to us. In this way, the world as the space of meaning has priority in the order of philosophical inquiry and understanding over the universe as represented by empirical science.