Tuesday, January 16, 2018
In Phenomenological Reviews, Joeri Schrijvers reviews Andrew J. Mitchell and Peter Trawny's Heidegger’s Black Notebooks: Responses to Anti-Semitism.
Even then, Heidegger’s one and only question remains who is in and who is out when it comes to the ‘being-historical’ event of the end of metaphysics. National Socialism is now ranked alongside Christian scholasticism, Americanism and so on: stages on the way to the West’s end. Žižek states: “Heidegger’s critique of Nazism is […] a critique of the actually existing Nazism on behalf of its […] metaphysical ‘inner greatness’”. The mode of procedure has not changed: whereas first Nazism was deemed worthy of entertaining the question of being, now they are relegated to the many ‘still thinking metaphysically’ and cause the forgetting of being to spread. Nothing has changed: there is but one more instance that is named as part of metaphysics. For the possibility to think non-metaphysically only one being remains…
The distinction they draw between Überwindung/Destruktion is interesting; does Heidegger really never talk about an "Überwindung des Metaphysik" or "Überwindung des Geschichte der Philosophie" etc. before his Nazi period in the early 30s? And does the language of "Destruktion" of these things really stop once he starts talking about the "Überwindung" of such things? Curious if the texts actually show a stark shift in language like that.
The earliest use of overcoming is probably in GA 20 (History of Concept of Time) -- overcoming naturalism, psychologism, Descartes, bad phenomenology, and so on. But it appears he only thematized Überwindung after his attempts to find a path through the forests of the beyng of history.

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