Monday, February 12, 2018
Being at the limit.
This addressing of being-there in its limitedness is a λόγος as ὁρισμός. For the Greeks, a limiting speaking means an addressing of genuine being-there. That having limits, limitedness, constitutes the genuine there-character, we see in Metaphysics Δ, Chapter 17: πέρας is the ἔσχατον, “the outermost aspect of what is there at the moment, outside of which, at first, nothing more of the matter encountered is to be found; and within which the whole of the beings encountered are to be seen.” This character of the πέρας is then determined, without qualification, as εἶδος. The having-of-limits is the genuine “look of a being that has any kind of range.” Πέρας is, however, not only εἶδος but also τέλος. Τέλος means “end” in the sense of “completedness,” not “aim” or even “purpose.” That is to say that completedness is a πέρας such that “movement and action go toward it”—κίνησις and πρᾶξις, the being-occupied with something where a movement or action finds its end (no idea of a purpose!) There are, indeed, beings that have both of these limit-characters. The character of πέρας also has something to do with the οὗ ἕνεκα, the “for-the-sake-of- which.” The genuine, ultimate character of being in the εἶδος and τέλος is the character of the πέρας. For recognizing, limit is the having-of-limits only because it is the having-of-limits of the matter, the πρᾶγμα determined in its limits.
P. 28
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