What does Heidegger mean by Being? In an essay called “The Turning” Heidegger says that Being “is itself the placeless dwelling of all presencing,” In the Letter on Humanism Being “is It itself. The thinking that is to come must learn to experience that and to say it. ‘Being’—that is not God and not a cosmic ground. Being is farther than all beings and is yet nearer to man than every being, be it a rock, a beast, a work of art, a machine, be it an angel or God.” Of course, this is still not very clear. Being is neither an entity nor God. In fact, God or the gods are simply entities, different ways in which Being may or may not reveal itself. “Whether God lives or remains dead ….is determined from and within the constellation of Being.” In 1927 Heidegger wrote that “faith…is in its innermost core the mortal enemy of… philosophy ….Accordingly, there is no such thing as a Christian philosophy; that is an absolute “square circle’.” Yet Heidegger had his own faith in Being.
Being reveals itself poetically, not rationally. He once put this quite bluntly: “Thinking begins only when we have come to know that reason, glorified for centuries, is the most stiff-necked adversary of thought.” Poetry was the true language handed over to Da-sein from Being (“Language is the house of Being”). This is, for Heidegger a language liberated from grammar and filled with mystery rather than clarity.