Tuesday, April 04, 2017
Susanne Claxton on the otherworld, from Heidegger's Gods.
The Judaeo-Christian worldview, by overthrowing earth-based, goddess-worshipping religions and emphasizing a male-centered cosmogony, once spread via the Roman Empire and then the Roman Catholic Church, may be understood as one of the most crucial events in history in this regard. Nietzsche argues that those who are focused on the otherworld necessarily become haters or despisers of life itself. In their embrace of and emphasis upon the otherworld, they reject life as its own justification and demand something outside of life to justify it. Nietzsche’s idea thus resonates with the ecofeminist assertion that in foregoing a belief in immanent divinity in favor of a belief in divinity as transcendent only, there is a fundamental loss of reverence for life itself and the life-giving power of the earth, nature, and women. Life is no longer intrinsically sacred, but requires sanctification from outside itself.
P. 99
Where Nietzsche argued against the Judaeo-Christian otherworld, Heidegger erased it. Everything can be traced back to the Greeks. Aquinas, Descartes, Kant, mistakes already to be found in Plato! The bread and wine in Hölderlin and Trakl's poems, they're pre-Socratic!
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